Skyldar plöntur

DESMODIUM (Desmodium adscendens DC)


Perennial, herbaceous plant with more or less postrate branches, smooth, with vestiture in two strata, whitish or yellow hairs, up to 1 mm long, ascending, variable in density in the same plant; besides barb, very dense to scraggy tiny hairs and lifted extremities. Alternate leaves formed by 3 small leaflets (trifoliolates), petiolate and stipulate. Stipules of 3.5-6 mm long, triangular, very sharp, slightly auriculate in the inner edge, striate, ciliate, united to the foliar base. Inflorescence in terminal bunches, peduncles of up to 5-10 mm long, with barbe hairs. Flowers 4.5 mm long. Calyx 2.5 mm long, campaniform, tube of 1 mm long with 5 triangular, very sharp teeth, 1.5 mm long, all with barbe and common adpressed hairs. Violet, unguiculate petals. Vexillum, 4.5 mm long, rounded, notched, short claw. Wings 4 mm long by 1.5 mm wide, oblong, asymmetrical, claw 1 mm long. Keel 4.5 mm long by 1.5 mm wide. Fruit of 1-4 joints, straight, thick upper edge, sinuous in the under edge, rounded joints of 4-5.5 mm long by 2.5-3 mm wide with abundant barbe, brown hairs when ripe. It belongs to the Leguminosae family (Papiloneceae).

This plant grows in a wild state in Africa and Brazil, in wide forest, pastureland, and along the roadside edge. This plant develops as parasite, especially in shrubs and palms. It is harvested after blooming.

It’s been used since ancient times in Africa to fight jaundice. It’s used to feed cattle, especially horses and goats.

Part used
The non-flowered aerial part (stems and leaves).

Internal use
> Viral and toxic hepatitis.
> Liver damage due to alcohol abuse.
> Liver damage due to chemotherapy.
> Prevention and treatment of asthmatic processes.
> Constipation and headache of hepatic origin.
> Digestive alterations: show digestions, epigastric swelling, burps, flatulence.
> Stomach ulcers: soak desmodium leaves in water for 20 minutes and drink afterwards.
> Cough and cold.
> Certain infectious processes: herpes circinatus, blennorrhea.
> The sooner the treatment is prescribed, the faster and permanent will be its effects.

External use
> In case of lesions: soak desmodium leaves in lemon juice for 15 minutes and apply in a poultice form on top of the wound. It can also be used in bathes.
> In case of convulsion: use it in bathes.

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